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### Aptitude Topics

- Height and Distance
- Simple Interest
- Profit and Loss
- Percentage
- Calender
- Average
- Volume and Surface Area
- Numbers
- Problems on H.C.F and L.C.M
- Simplification
- Surds and Indices
- Chain Rule
- Boat and Streams
- Logarithm
- Stocks and Shares
- True Discount
- Odd Man Out and Series
- Time and Distance
- Time and Work
- Compound Interest
- Partnership
- Problems on Ages
- Clock
- Area
- Permutation and Combination
- Problems on Numbers
- Decimal Fraction
- Square Root and Cube Root
- Ratio and Proportion
- Pipes and Cistern
- Alligation or Mixture
- Races and Games
- Probability
- Banker's Discount

### Profit and Loss

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Cost Price (C.P.) = Rs. (47000 + 8000) = Rs. 55000.

Selling Price (S.P.) = Rs. 58000.

Gain = (S.P.) - (C.P.) = Rs.(58000 - 55000) = Rs. 3000.

Gain % = | 3000 | x 100 | % | = 5 | 5 | % | |

55000 | 11 |

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Let C.P. of each article be Re. 1 C.P. of *x* articles = Rs. *x*.

S.P. of *x* articles = Rs. 20.

Profit = Rs. (20 - *x*).

20 - x |
x 100 = 25 | |||

x |

2000 - 100*x* = 25*x*

125*x* = 2000

*x* = 16.

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Let C.P. be Rs. *x* and S.P. be Rs. *y*.

Then, 3(*y* - *x*) = (2*y* - *x*) *y* = 2*x*.

Profit = Rs. (*y* - *x*) = Rs. (2*x* - *x*) = Rs. *x*.

Profit % = | x |
x 100 | % = 100% | |

x |

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Let C.P.= Rs. 100. Then, Profit = Rs. 320, S.P. = Rs. 420.

New C.P. = 125% of Rs. 100 = Rs. 125

New S.P. = Rs. 420.

Profit = Rs. (420 - 125) = Rs. 295.

Required percentage = | 295 | x 100 | % | = | 1475 | % = 70% (approximately). | |

420 | 21 |

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

C.P. of 6 toffees = Re. 1

S.P. of 6 toffees = 120% of Re. 1 = Rs. | 6 |

5 |

For Rs. | 6 | , toffees sold = 6. |

5 |

For Re. 1, toffees sold = | 6 x | 5 | = 5. | ||

6 |

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

Let C.P. be Rs. *x*.

Then, | 1920 - x |
x 100 = | x - 1280 |
x 100 |

x |
x |

1920 - *x* = *x* - 1280

2*x* = 3200

*x* = 1600

Required S.P. = 125% of Rs. 1600 = Rs. | 125 | x 1600 | = Rs 2000. | ||

100 |

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

C.P. = Rs. | 100 | x 392 | = Rs. | 1000 | x 392 | = Rs. 320 | ||||

122.5 | 1225 |

Profit = Rs. (392 - 320) = Rs. 72.

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

S.P. = 85% of Rs. 14000 = Rs. | 85 | x 14000 | = Rs. 11900 | ||

100 |

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

Cost Price of 1 toy = Rs. | 375 | = Rs. 31.25 | ||

12 |

Selling Price of 1 toy = Rs. 33

So, Gain = Rs. (33 - 31.25) = Rs. 1.75

Profit % = | 1.75 | x 100 | % | = | 28 | % = 5.6% | |

31.25 | 5 |

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Suppose, number of articles bought = L.C.M. of 6 and 5 = 30.

C.P. of 30 articles = Rs. | 5 | x 30 | = Rs. 25. | ||

6 |

S.P. of 30 articles = Rs. | 6 | x 30 | = Rs. 36. | ||

5 |

Gain % = | 11 | x 100 | % = 44%. | |

25 |

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

(C.P. of 17 balls) - (S.P. of 17 balls) = (C.P. of 5 balls)

C.P. of 12 balls = S.P. of 17 balls = Rs.720.

C.P. of 1 ball = Rs. | 720 | = Rs. 60. | ||

12 |

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

85 : 187000 = 115 : *x*

x = |
187000 x 115 | = 253000. | ||

85 |

Hence, S.P. = Rs. 2,53,000.

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

C.P. of 1 orange = Rs. | 350 | = Rs. 3.50 | ||

100 |

S.P. of 1 orange = Rs. | 48 | = Rs. 4 | ||

12 |

Gain% = | 0.50 | x 100 | % | = | 100 | % = 14 | 2 | % | |

3.50 | 7 | 7 |

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

C.P. of 1^{st} transistor = Rs. |
100 | x 840 | = Rs. 700. | ||

120 |

C.P. of 2^{nd} transistor = Rs. |
100 | x 960 | = Rs. 1000 | ||

96 |

So, total C.P. = Rs. (700 + 1000) = Rs. 1700.

Total S.P. = Rs. (840 + 960) = Rs. 1800.

Gain % = | 100 | x 100 | % | = 5 | 15 | % | |

1700 | 17 |

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

C.P. of 56 kg rice = Rs. (26 x 200 + 30 x 360) = Rs. (5200 + 10800) = Rs. 16000.

S.P. of 56 kg rice = Rs. (56 x 300) = Rs. 16800.

Gain = | 800 | x 100 | % = 5%. | |

16000 |