SAT

What is SAT?

-The SAT is defined as the Scholastic Assessment Test, now called the SAT Reasoning Test, which is a test that measures the reading, writing and math levels of high school juniors and seniors. An example of the SAT is the test many students take to get into college.

Why take SAT?

SAT offered during the school day by CFBISD is free of charge to students:

-CFB pays the cost of the test, which would typically cost students $52 each time they take the test on their own at a testing center.

Opening doors to college: College admissions

-SAT scores are one way colleges can verify that you are qualified to attend their programs and be admitted to their schools. While many colleges are considering SAT scores optional for admissions this year due to COVID, we are not certain that they will continue the “score optional” practice beyond this school year. You may need test scores in the future if you change colleges, or if you apply to a community college the first year and later transfer to a university. Also, if you score higher on this SAT than any previous SAT tests you’ve taken before, colleges may “super score,” or use the highest scores from each SAT you’ve taken.

Make your name available to scholarship programs

-In 2019, students who took the SAT and opted-in to Student Search Service were connected to $33 Million in scholarship opportunities. Opting-in is free and voluntary, and you can opt-in on your SAT answer sheet or through your College Board account. You’ll answer a few questions on your SAT answer sheet, such as your intended college major, so that colleges who offer that major can find you and offer scholarship application opportunities and admissions information to you.

Some schools award scholarships based upon qualifying SAT or ACT scores:

-Having SAT scores could make students eligible for the scholarships that require them. Students should read scholarship requirements and applications thoroughly to determine if SAT scores are needed.

Balance a lower GPA

-A strong score on the SAT may show colleges your potential if your GPA does not accurately reflect your ability. This is a way to demonstrate to college admissions committees how far you have advanced academically throughout your high school years.

Discover potential for success in Advanced Placement courses, which could lead to college credit

-Taking the PSAT and SAT provides schools with statistics that suggest how successful each student is likely to be in certain AP courses. This information can help guide students who are considering taking advanced courses but who are not sure which may be the best fit for them. Strong AP test scores can be applied toward college credit, which means spending less on tuition because credit may be awarded without having to take the course. Students with AP test scores should speak with their college admissions advisors to determine if their scores qualify and should be applied toward specific course credits

College readiness feedback

-PSAT and SAT score reports show students whether they are on track to be ready for college-level work, including how close they are to being on track for college readiness according to expectations for the current grade levels.

Access to free practice on Khan Academy tailored to individual student needs

-Students who take a PSAT or SAT test may connect their College Board accounts to Khan Academy at https://www.khanacademy.org/sat where they have access to free tutorials to build skills over time. Tutorials are structured to help students practice only the skills they have not yet mastered. Targeted practice can strengthen academic skills and improve test scores over time.

Measure individual progress over time

-When students take the PSAT and SAT tests, they will have a record of their previous test scores and can compare their growth in college readiness over time. This is a great way to look back on the courses taken and individual preparation to see which strategies and courses have been the most beneficial in facilitating progress toward college readiness.

Connection to college admissions application fee waivers, for students who qualify:

-The College Board can offer fee waivers to students who qualify. These cover the fees for certain college admissions steps, such as sending additional SAT score reports to colleges and waiving admissions application fees.

-It's a fact that taking any test is difficult, but that doesn't mean it has to be overwhelming. As of 2016, the SAT has a unique format and set of rules that you must know in order to score well. Fortunately, these aren't hard to learn and knowing them makes all the difference. These test-taking tips will help you to maximize your time and achieve success on the SAT.

Use Process of Elimination

-This time-honored testing strategy has been around for years for good reason: it works. Get rid of as many wrong choices as you can before answering questions that you're even slightly unsure about. Wrong answers are typically easier to find and some can be eliminated immediately even when you don't know the correct answer.

-Look for extremes such as "never," "only," and "always" in the reading test; opposites, such as a substitution of -1 for 1, in the math section; and words that sound similar in the writing and language test, such as "conjunctive" and "subjunctive." These will try to trick you, but don't let them!

Answer Every Question

-As of 2019, you are no longer penalized for wrong answers on the SAT. The redesigned test has withdrawn its penalty of 1/4 point for each incorrect answer, so guess, guess, guess away (using the process of elimination, of course). That said, take it slow to ensure that you are truly doing your best.

Write in the Test Booklet

-Use your pencil to scratch out wrong choices, write down formulas and equations, solve math problems, outline, paraphrase, and underline in the test booklet (not the answer sheet!). Use empty space in your booklet to your advantage and remember that nothing written there impacts your score.

Transfer Your Question at the End

-Instead of going back and forth between the Scranton answer form and test booklet which can get messy and time consuming just write and circle all of your answers in the test booklet, then transfer them to the answer form at the end of every section or page. You'll make fewer mistakes and save time this way. There is nothing worse than getting to the end of a section and realizing you are one oval off.

Take It Slow

-It's very difficult to both finish all the problems and answer them accurately, so aim just for the latter. Slow down a bit if you feel yourself racing the clock and remember that the test is designed to assess what you know, not what you can guess. You're better off answering fewer questions accurately and fully than guessing all of them (after all, you only have a one in four chance of guessing correctly).

Choose Which Questions to Answer First

-You do not have to complete the test sections in order. No, you can't jump from math to writing, but you can (and should, as needed) certainly skip around within sections. If you're stuck on a difficult question on the reading test, for example, circle it in your test booklet and move on, coming back only if you have time later. Questions are not weighted by difficulty, so cash in on easy points whenever you can!

Use the Order of Difficulty to Your Advantage in Math

Because the SAT Math section is loosely structured from easiest to most difficult, the answers to problems toward the beginning of a section that seem too easy may actually be correct. If you're in the final portion of a section, though, obvious answer choices are more likely to be distractors from the correct answer.

Do Not Give Your Opinion in the SAT Essay

-Even though the SAT essay is optional, you should probably take it. Before you devote almost an hour to writing your essay, be sure you know what the prompt is asking you to do. This version of the SAT essay asks you to read an argument and critique it. Rather than give your opinion, you are being asked to pick someone else's apart. A persuasive essay will earn a poor score; an analytical argument will succeed.

Don't Second-Guess Yourself

-Trust your gut. Statistics prove that your first answer choice is usually correct. Do not go back through the test and change your answers unless you've found evidence to suggest that you are absolutely incorrect.

Cross-Check Your Ovals

-This simple trick can save your score. If you have time at the end of a section, cross-check your test- booklet answers with your Scranton ovals. Make sure you didn't miss a question or confuse ovals because you can't get those missed points back.

-The SAT test base price includes the two main sections: Math and Evidence-Based Reading and Writing. There is a fee for adding the optional SAT Essay. For the 2020-2021 school year, the SAT costs $52.00 and the SAT with Essay costs $68.00. Starting in 2021-2022 school year, the SAT Essay will no longer be offered, except when given as part of a state's accountability assessment program.

-Other SAT fees come into play if you sign up during the late registration period, sign up by phone, change an existing registration, or if you’re admitted to an administration via the waitlist. Regional fees apply to students taking the SAT outside of the United States.

-Every SAT registration includes free score reports to four schools. There are fees for additional score reports or opting in for further services such as rush ordering or score verification. Don’t forget to use those free score sends, because they do expire! You have until nine days after the test to use them.

How Much Does the SAT Cost with Fee Waivers?

-The College Board is a nonprofit organization, and we strive for equality, believing that all students should have access to a successful college experience that they can afford.

-Because SAT testing costs may be a barrier, we offer a fee waiver program to low-income students. Our program waives fees for tests and some additional services.

How Do I Get a Fee Waiver?

-You can get a fee waiver by consulting with your school counselor. The waiver can cover the testing fee, additional score reports, and more. In some cases, the fee waiver can even extend to college application costs.

-A few different factors determine your eligibility for an SAT fee waiver, such as your household size and income, as well as things like whether you’re in foster care or are qualified for the free and reduced-price lunch program at your school.

-If you think you might qualify for the fee waiver, talk to your school counselor. They’ll give you a code to use when you sign up for the SAT.

What Does a Fee Waiver Cover?

-SAT Fee Waivers cover a variety of costs completely and reduce some others. Let’s take a detailed look.

-The SAT fee waiver includes the registration price for the SAT. A single waiver code covers two SAT registrations. If you’re in the U.S. or U.S. Territories, this even includes any late fees for registering after the regular deadline. The SAT fee waiver covers unlimited sends of your score report to colleges. Additionally, for participating schools, it can also cover college application fees and CSS Profile applications for financial aid.

But wait, there is little bit more for you……

-The SAT fee waiver also pays for two Question And Answer Service reports. If you’re a U.S. student living abroad, you won’t need to pay any regional fees. The SAT fee waiver even provides fee reductions for score verification reports.

However, there are a few things the SAT fee waiver does not cover.

-Change fees (if you decide to take a different test or change your test date after registering)

-Waitlist fees

-Register-by-phone charges

-Rushed score reports

-Scores by phone

How Much Does the SAT Cost, In Total?

-The final cost of your SAT registration will depend on whether you add any extra services, and whether you register after the regular deadline. International students should expect to add regional fees based on where they live. Four score reports are included with each SAT registration, but these need to be used within nine days after the test, or else the same cost applies as with additional score reports. If you qualify for an SAT fee waiver, many of these costs are covered.

The SAT exam pattern of SAT EBRW consists of reading and writing sections.

SAT Reading Test

- 52 multiple choice questions in 5 passages to be attempted in 65 minutes.

- One literary passage from American or International work of fiction like short stories or novels.

- One passage or a pair of passages from U.S. founding documents or Great Global Conversation on topics like freedom, justice, and human dignity.

- A selection of passages on economics, psychology, sociology, etc.

- Two passages from the work of science.

- Students are required to read the passage and answer the question by telling a story or making an argument or explaining a study or experiment.

Types of Questions

SAT exam syllabus questions of this section are divided into five categories:

- Command and evidence: A total of 10 SAT reading questions comprise command of evidence questions. These questions test the interpretation of data presented in graphics, analysis of evidence, producing a link between text and graphics, and also understanding the author’s use of evidence.

- Information and Ideas - This question type focuses on searching for direct or implied information, finding passages that describe the information, analyzing main themes, identification of summarization, and also analyzing links between ideas.

- Rhetoric - Questions asking about the meaning, style, or tone conveyed by the author. The word choice questions are focused more on effect than definition. Text structure questions can be solved with structural strategies like cause and effect or problem-solution techniques.

- Synthesis - Questions asking to draw conclusions and make connections between two passages or between passages and informational graphs like tables, graphs, and charts, accompany some passages.

- Words in context:- In the SAT question pattern, words in context question focuses on the advanced vocabulary. According to College Board, the focus should be on ‘high-utility academic words and phrases’.

SAT Writing and Language Test

- SAT language and writing test consists of 44 multiple choice questions in 4 passages to be attempted in 35 minutes.

- Requires students to revise and edit passages.

- Topics explored are career, science, humanities, history, and social science.

- Passage writing modes are narrative, argumentative, and informative/explanatory.

- At least one passage on each of the above writing modes is present.

Types of Questions

SAT general test syllabus questions of writing and language asked are from the following categories:.

- Expression of Idea:- Improve the structure, organization, and how the idea is being articulated in the passage as well as the overall effectiveness of language. The organization is a part of the expression of ideas. Here where candidates will be asked to place a particular part of the passage in the correct place. This requires picking up clues from the passage. Development questions focus on strengthening the passage by addition or eliminating of information. Lastly, effective language use focuses on a correct, accurate, and concise text.

- Standard English Conventions - The SAT writing and language test focuses on the usage of Standard English conventions like agreement, conjugation, and word choice. The second point is a sentence structure that focuses on the identification of independent and dependent clauses, usage of transitions, and conjunctions.

SAT Mathematics

- SAT Math comprises of two sub-parts - math with calculator and math without a calculator.

- 58 questions to be attempted in 80 minutes.

- 80% of questions are multiple-choice while 20% are grid ins.

- Math with calculator has 30 multiple choice questions and 8 grid-in questions.

- Grid in questions require students to enter the derived answers in the grids provided in the bubble sheet.

- Math without calculator has 15 multiple choice questions and 5 grid in questions.

- A set of formula and references are provided at the beginning of the test.

- The section is given specific attention for students going for science, technology, engineering, or math.

- Questions are framed in real-life settings on topics from science, social science, and career contexts.

Type of Questions

Math sections of SAT paper pattern comprise of questions categories into three different areas of math:

- Heart of Algebra :- create, manipulate and solve algebraic equations like linear equations and systems.

- Problem Solving and Data Analysis - interpret graphs and table and solve problems in real world situations using ratios, percentages and proportional reasoning .

- Passport to Advanced Math - Work on, manipulate and solve complex mathematical equations and function.

Majorly comprised of questions from the above topics, the sections also have questions from additional topics in math which includes:-

- Area and Volume

- Coordinate Geometry

- Basic Trigonometry

SAT Essay

- The essay is optional but is required by most colleges to get a deeper insight into a student’s personality and his/her thought process.

- You must pay charges additional to the basic SAT registration fee to take the Essay section.

- Students are required to write an essay on the topic given based on a passage within 50 minutes.

- Students must consider and explain how the author evidence, reasoning and styling elements to make the passage convincing in their essays.

- Three separate scores on a range of 2-8 is given

- The essay sections helps students assess their skills in :–

o Reading - how well a student could comprehend the passage

o Analysis - how well a student analyzed the author’s argument in the passage

o Writing - how well a student could structure his/her response

Types of Questions:-

- The passage for essay in every SAT may vary, however, all the passages consist of the following points:

- Written for a broad audience.

- Argue a point.

- Express subtle views on complex subjects.

- Use logical reasoning and evidence to support claims.

- Examine ideas, debates, or trends in the arts and sciences, or civic, cultural, or political life.

- Always taken from published works

To prepare for SAT, students can buy online study material from College Board during registration.

- Khan Academy is among the most renowned organization to help students in SAT preparation.

- Take practice tests provided by Khan Academy.

- Download the Daily Practice App to make practice part of your daily routine.

- Analyze your practice tests regularly and work on the feedback received on the test.

- Consider studying from SAT exam syllabus PDF that is found in the guide to be clearer.

- Study from authentic SAT Preparation Books like the official study guide, black book, Barron’s.

The SAT exam syllabus for Indian students as well as the other countries is the same as explained. The SAT is an important exam considered for the undergraduate program. Candidates should practice from SAT practice papers to ensure high score. For candidates aspiring to pursue medical or engineering, the SAT exam syllabus for medical as well as the SAT exam syllabus for engineering is same as explained.

1. Barron's SAT, 29th Edition

2. McGraw-Hill Education SAT Elite 2020

3. SAT Prep Black Book, 2nd Edition

4. Dr. Steve Warner's 500 New SAT Math Problems

5. PWN The SAT: Math Guide, 4th Edition

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